Tuesday, September 11, 2012

LATEST NEWS FROM THE DEAN SCHOOL OF LAW [PART ONE]

CURRENT TREND ON ASSESSING LEGAL EDUCATION

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE LAW, METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE

Ifidon Oyakhiromen
National Open University of Nigeria
ioyakhiromen@gmail.com
Abstract


The legal profession, in its present form, came into being in 1861, when English law and English type of courts were introduced into the Colony of Lagos. In order to qualify as a legal practitioner in Nigeria, a person had to be an advocate or a solicitor in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire. On enrollment in Nigeria, they practiced as Barristers and Solicitors even though they did not also study Nigerian Law. Some had no legal education of any kind but were granted the license to practice. To correct this inefficiency (anomaly), the Legal Education Act, 1962 was enacted establishing the Council of Legal Education (the Council). The Council is charged with responsibility for legal education of persons seeking to be members of the legal profession in Nigeria. The Council established the Nigerian Law School, a specialized institution, which offers professional courses for prospective legal practitioners upon graduation from tertiary institutions. This helped to maintain a body of legal practitioners with sound traditions and a legal culture suited to the conditions, aspirations and particular needs of a fast developing federation of Nigeria. 

This paper seeks to showcase the methodology and practice of legal education in Nigeria in the face of globalization and trans-nationalisation of legal education. It considers the objectives of enacting the Legal Education Act, basic course content, methodology, practice, admission criteria and other components of legal education in Nigeria. It also outlines the benefits and burden of legal education in its present closed or open systems of education, and how globalisation and the revolution in information and communications technology affect legal education in Nigeria. It also examines the benefits of inter and intra-university partnership and alliances between home universities and universities in other jurisdictions; and how far this has resulted in capacity building and skills transfer in legal education. Another issue it addresses is the limited capacity of the six Nigerian Law School Campuses across the Federation with inadequate ICT and network systems, libraries and requisite training facilities, which has resulted in a backlog of prospective students.


HISTORY OF LEGAL PROFESSION IN NIGERIA

The history of the legal profession in Nigeria dates back to the period before the arrival of the British in any part of what now constitutes Nigeria. But the profession in its present form comprising practitioner of the English type of law came into being in 1861, when English law and English type of courts were imposed on the Colony of Lagos by virtue of Ordinance No 3 of 1863 . The Supreme Court Ordinance, 1876 is the first significant regulatory statute relating to the practice profession and it provided that “The Chief justice shall have power to approve, admit and enroll to practice as barristers and solicitors in the court such persons as shall have been admitted as solicitors… in any of the courts of London, Dublin and Edinburgh” 

The Chief Judge could, in his discretion approve, admit and enroll to practice as a barrister and a solicitor in the court any person, who was entitled to practice as a barrister in England or Ireland, or as an advocate in Scotland and who produced testimonials sufficient to satisfy the Chief Judge that he was a man of good character . Following the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Protectorates to form the present day Nigeria, the Supreme Court Ordinance of 1914 was promulgated to unify the existing legal systems. The common law, doctrines of equity and statutes of general application which were in force in England as at July 1874 (later varied to January 1, 1900) were made applicable to the Federation of Nigeria. 

In order to qualify as a legal practitioner in Nigeria, therefore, a person had to be called to the English, Scottish, or Irish Bar or be a solicitor in England, Scotland, Northern Ireland or Eire. On enrollment in Nigeria, he was entitled to practice as a Barristers and a Solicitor. The only thing common to these countries is that they belong to the home of the Common Law. They differed in their social, cultural, economic, circumstances; their legal systems as well as their training, practice, and regulatory authorities are not uniform. For example, the Scottish legal system is in detail different from the English. Both were different from the customary legal order operative in Nigeria. The foreign legal practitioners were doing in Nigeria what they were forbidden to do in their home country. In Nigeria, unlike the United Kingdom, legal practitioners are barristers and solicitors. In the United Kingdom they are either barristers or solicitors but could not be both. Some of them lacked the formal basic legal education but were granted license to practice; they were not required to study Nigerian Law before or after enrollment. The colonial legal structure provided legal framework for the needs of the colonial administration such as providing lawyers to serve as administrators and legislators as well as manage the institutions of justice.
The legal profession is noble. It demands competence in most, if not in all areas of law practice, and a wide range of fundamental skills including the ability, not only to analyse legal problems but also to perform legal researches. The earliest legal practitioners trained in England and only children of royal birth –the direct descendants of the Obas, Emirs, Ezes or Obi’s and other aristocrats and few bright and intellectually sound children qualified for selection into universities overseas in pursuit of legal education.


POST INDEPENDENCE DEVELOPMENT 

At independence in 1960, there was immediate need for a better system of legal education, being the engine of development and the most important instrument of meaningful change generally and a fundamental change in the intellectual and social outlook in particular. The Nigerian society needed an appropriate and relevant legal education capable of raising competent legal practitioners for her legislative and executive arms of government and more particularly in the institutions of justice. This informed the Government in enacting the Legal Education Act, 1962 . The Act established the Council of Legal Education (the Council) and charged it with responsibility for legal education of Africans seeking to become members of the legal profession . It expressly empowered the Council to do such things as it considers expedient for the purpose of performing its functions. The Council set up the Nigerian Law School, a specialized institution, that offers professional courses, practice of law and court attachments, law office management, Solicitors Account management, Advocacy, legal drafting, among other things capable of sharpening the skills of young lawyers from different legal families ranging from Anglo-Saxon, Roman-Germanic, socialist, traditional or Sharia families of law – all mixed together. The School, at present, operates in six campuses. The duration of training was first three months but now one academic year for law graduates from indigenous tertiary institutions or for two academic years for their oversea counterparts. There was also the Legal Practitioners Act, 1962, which also regulated the practice of Law in Nigeria. Both legislation separated academic from vocational aspects of legal education.



There is a large pool of law graduates waiting for admission into the Nigerian Law School which now operates in six campuses because of the limited capacity and other infrastructure and inadequate ICT, networked systems and virtual and complementary accommodation and physical libraries .The objective of the School is to create and maintain a body of legal institutions and legal practitioners with a fine tradition and a sound legal culture suited to the conditions, aspirations and particular needs of a fasting developing federation of Nigeria, commonly referred to as the giant of Africa.  The National Universities Commission Act, 1974 set up the National Universities Commission [NUC] as a quality assurance agency with a responsibility of advising the Federal Government and State Governments of all aspects of university education and general development of universities in Nigeria. The NUC determines the maximum number of law undergraduates each recognized Law Faculty must admit based on the strength of the staff and the quality of its library, moot court facilities, and other basic essentials. After the compulsory legal training by the Council, qualified candidates are called to the Nigerian Bar by the Body of Bench as Barristers and Solicitors and enrolled in the Supreme Court of Nigeria. There are about 70,000 legal practitioners in Nigeria with a population of 120 million. In essence Nigeria has exceeded the global lawyer population rate of 1:2,370 by 38.25 per cent .

24 comments:

  1. For Purchase of Course material @ a very cheap price,
    Clear Print out not Photocopy
    Contact Femi: 08125754333

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. WELCOME TO THE GREAT TEMPLE OF
      ogbone. Are you a business man,
      politician, musical, student and you want to
      be rich, powerful and be famous in life. You
      can achieve your dreams by been a
      member of the ogbone society. With this all your
      dreams and heart desire can be fully
      accomplish, if you really want to be a
      member of the great ogbone then you can
      contact via email joinogboneconferaternity@gmail
      for assistance or call +2348103462540

      Delete
  2. To discourse about current happenings in law, ask questions pertaining to law and get answers to your questions on our forum @ www.naijalawforum.com. Come join us and enjoy your stay.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Be a member of Illuminati today and earn $500,000.00USD in every two weeks to become rich and famous, this is just a brief summary to apply now and join thousands of satisfied citizens contact us at illuminatichurch@outlook.com OR CALL william now +2348189075265
    contact us at illuminatichurch@outlook.com OR CALL william now +2348189075265

    ReplyDelete
  4. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  5. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  6. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  7. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  8. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  9. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  10. i AM A FULL MEMBER OF
    ILLUMINATI, SO PROCEED IF YOU
    WANT TO JOIN NOW Email us. illuminatimoneyorder@gmail.com
    Am Mr brandy from USA
    united state of American, I am glad today because am now
    a successful man of Illuminati, i
    have taught of been one of the
    Illuminati member so that i will be wealthy for life and my family
    will be forever rich. I get linked up by a man called Mr
    Anderson who introduce me to
    this agent who have a successful
    influence with this occult
    Illuminati, so he took me joining
    the team to their real powerful man in USA who was the head of
    all Illuminati member to help his
    cousin on belonging to the
    membership. All because of him
    he really did all for me, and now
    am so glad of becoming a Illuminati member, i am now rich
    and wealthy. Thank your Mr
    Anderson For your support.
    Illuminati is a great and powerful
    means to get popular in life. So if
    you really wants to be like me today contact
    +2347067607558 or email us illuminatimoneyorder@gmail.com.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  12. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  13. Good news to everyone reading this comment. I want to share my testimony on how i belong to the world famous illuminate fraternity society, and how i have become more famous, by acquiring huge wealth, riches and fame. Here is how my life changed. A friend of mine that was always giving me money, because he was very rich, wealthy, famous and successful. On one beautiful day, he said to me that he is not going to give me any money, that he is going to show me the way to be successful in life. So i was very happy, i never knew he was a member of the great illuminate society. So i was initiated to the world famous illuminate society, and few days later, i was awarded a contract worth millions of Dollars. Right now as i speak, in my business i am doing very well, i travel the world on business deals, i am now the one that gives money out to people, before life was so hard for me and my family. If you want to belong to us today? Send us an email now> joinilluminati205@gmail.com and your life will change for good.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Do you want to become a member of a great temple and be a star in the world, or you want to become very rich in life and nobody can stop you from it, or you want to become famous in life for people to know you much and give you that respect, if interested then become the Illuminati member and never be poor again cause we will give you all your wish you need from our temple as a member of the great Illuminati kingdom, contact us now via email at:illuminatihomecenter@gmail.com or call+2347065630841

    ReplyDelete
  15. WELCOME TO THE GREAT BROTHERHOOD ILLUMINATI KINGDOM, WHERE YOU FOUND ALL KINDS OF HAPPINESS BLESSING JOY IN LIFE. Are you tired with the kind of life you are living today do you want your life to be change totally, and for you to fulfill your dream, then you have the opportunity to join now so that your life story we be change immediately are you poor and you want to become rich in life ,like other people or you want to be famous in life, are you a graduate looking for job. you have to join now. or a business man or woman or star who want to be fame and powerful, you don't have to waste any of your time, are you suffering in life, make up your mind and join the Illuminati kingdom to become a wealthy man or woman and also to become famous and powerful in life email us now at perrysmart121@gmail.com or call:+2348076826545

    ReplyDelete
  16. Join the great Illuminati today call +2348108060242 and get instant sum of 18milliondollars after initiation and with a free home anywhere you choose to live in the world and also get 10millionnaira monthly as salary so will want you to know once you are a member after the initiation power and forums we be give to you and also 18 millionusd we be giving to you as a new member that recognize all over the world information below.
    Full name..........................
    Country.......................................
    Stat e of origin............................
    Date of birth...............................
    Sex...... ........................................
    Address.....................................
    Phone. ........................................
    ,No evil is a cult of peace,is a big-men and big-boys group you are free free to be our member as long you are with us nothing you we find in this world that you can get okay my child you can call the great Illuminati on;; +2348108060242 or 666greatilluminati@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  17. JOIN THE ILLUMINATI CALL +27620171252 OR illuminatsatanictemple@gmail.com JOIN THE ILLUMINATI FROM SOUTH AFRICA, USA, OR ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD TODAY BE RICH, FAME, AND POSSES POWER.email us on illuminatisatanictemple@aim.com OR call us on +27620171252 for immediate initiation New members registration is now open online now !!!!! BENEFITS GIVEN TO NEW MEMBERS WHO JOIN ILLUMINATI. A Cash Reward of USD $300,000 USD A New Sleek Dream CAR valued at USD $120,000 USD A Dream House bought in the country of your own choice One Month holiday (fully paid) to your dream tourist destination. One year Golf Membership package A V.I.P treatment in all Airports in the World A total Lifestyle change Access to Bohemian Grove Monthly payment of $1,000,000 USD into your bank account every month as a member One Month booked Appointment with Top 5 world Leaders and Top 5 Celebrities in the World. If you are interested call the agent now +27620171252 or send your e-mail to illuminatsatanictemple@gmail.com for immediately initiation.New members registration is now open online

    ReplyDelete
  18. 7 WARNING! WARNING!! WARNING!!! If you
    do not want to join the Illuminati do not
    read this message. Rules * You must be
    above 18 years of age. * You must have full
    access to the internet. * You must not
    discuss the secret of the Illuminati to
    anyone. * We are not interested in anyone
    who has obtained their knowledge about
    the Illuminati based on what they%u2019ve
    HEARD from Mass Media (News or
    Performing Arts), Conspiracy Theorists
    (Amateur or Professional Authors or
    Speculators), Internet Rumors, or other
    HERESY. * Once you join the Illuminati within
    one week of your membership you will
    achieved the greatest goal in life and also
    have wealth and fame. * No one discard the
    message of the GREAT ILLUMINATI if
    discarded the person will be tormented
    both day and night. * Failure to compel to
    the order and rules of the GREAT ILLUMINATI
    shall see your fame and riches taken back. *
    The money ALWAYS flows TOWARDS
    Illuminati members...And AWAY from NON
    Illuminati members... One of the rules of the
    Illuminati is "We don't talk about the
    Illuminati" so I can't say too much about it
    here. If you are truly interested email us
    with michaelosemoahu@gmail.com or +2347013136793

    ReplyDelete
  19. Do you want to become very rich, famous or powerful
    in life? Do you want to bring your ex back If yes then
    join the illuminati kingdom now and get all you need
    in life so contact us now for more information on how
    you will be fully initiated into the illuminati temple
    and get all you need in life. Contact: Email
    powerfulilluminati@gmail or +2348148650531

    ReplyDelete
  20. I am giving a testimony of how i become rich and famous today… i was deeply strangled up by poverty and i had no body to help me, and also i search for help from different corners but to no avail… i see people around me getting rich but to me i was so ashamed of my self so i met a man on my way he was very rich and he was a doctor so he told me something and i think over it though out the day so the next day i looked up and i keep repeating what he said to me. ” if you want to get rich quick and be famous” you need to cross your heart and do what is in your mind so i tried all i could in other for me to do as he said so later on i told my fellow friend about this same thing then my friend was interested in my suggestions so i decided to look in the internet and i found an email address of this great fraternity( ILLUMINATICHURCHSATAN@gmail.com ) so we decided to contact them and unfortunately we did as they instruct us to do and later they told us to get some requirements and all the rest… so this initiation took us just a week and later on the great fraternity gave us $7,000,000.00 to start up our lives…. and now am testifying that if in any case you want to join any great fraternity all you need to do is for you to contact them because they are legitimate and they do as what they instructed them to do okay so email them now at ( ILLUMINATICHURCHSATAN@gmail.com OR YOU CAN CALL ANY OF OUR AGENT ON THESE NUMBER +2348140581311 OR +1281717321

    ReplyDelete
  21. HOW I BECAME RICH IN LIFE.
    Hello,my name is peter form Lagos, i was once a trader i was into electronics and my business was not moving the way i expected,and i was bankrupts and my business fold-off.at that point i was unable to feed and pay my bill i was devastated and confused.i was checking building sits to sits to see if i get work but all to know are vain on my way home i run into my old school friend who offer me a rid to my house and ask me to see him.so the following day i went their he ask me if i am comfortable with my present predicament without missing words quickly i reply CAPITAL NO he turn back on me and told me that if i am ready to join the Brotherhood called ILLUMINATI? and automatically he told me i should not give him answer yet,that i should ready that we are going to night-club,that when we comes back i will give him answer to the question.and will went to club will drink, dans,enjoy with high sophisticated lades we took some home which we discharge as early as possible.immediately the ladies might have left he called me and told me to answer the question he ask me yesterday.and i told him yes the following day he told me to be prepared that we are going to see Prophet parka, he is in-charge of Illuminati initiation in African as a whole,so when we get their,PROPHET PARKA took us to the temple and perform the initiation right away the following day they gave me all Illuminati items and #200,000.000 {million naira} .the following month they called me in baphoment and gave me visa to travel round the white man country and connect me with foreign businessmen,honestly that is how i became rich,fame and connected in life that was how the mask of disgrace was turn-out in my life.and put-upon me the garment of honor.once again i thank my friend..and special thanks go to prophet parka for not rejecting me...my good people poverty is very bad tin.......so if you want to be rich call prophet parka on this number
    Number; +2348112180429
    Email; greatilluminati666z@gmail.com
    please after calling he and you have blessing remember that someone post this that you say so also post this TESTIMONY to many poor people out there okay,

    ReplyDelete
  22. Do you want to become very rich, famous or powerful
    in life? Do you want to bring your ex back If yes then
    join the illuminati kingdom now and get all you need
    in life so contact us now for more information on how
    you will be fully initiated into the illuminati temple
    and get all you need in life. Contact: Email
    powerfulilluminati@gmail or +2348148650531

    ReplyDelete